An ankle sprain is one of the most common causes of ankle pain, and according to the National University of Health Sciences, ankle sprains make up about 85% of all ankle injuries. There are two types of ankle sprains:
Lateral sprains are the most common and happen when your foot rolls, causing the outside of your ankle to twist towards the ground. This is also called an inversion sprain because your foot turns up and inward.
High ankle sprains are much less common, and occur when you damage or tear the ligaments above your ankle. They often occur from rotational injuries during high-impact sports.
Sprains can range from just stretching the ligament to small tears in the ligament, or even completely tearing the ligament.
While ankle sprains are the most common type of ankle injury, you may also experience ankle pain from other conditions, including:
If you’re not sure what’s causing your ankle pain, it’s a good idea to see an orthopedic foot and ankle specialist as soon as possible.
If you’ve just rolled your ankle and need immediate at-home treatment, the RICE method can help. This involves:
. Avoid putting weight on your ankle, and try to move as little as you can for the first few days. If you have to walk or move, use crutches or a cane.
Ice: Put a bag of ice on your ankle for at least 20 minutes, and repeat 3-5 times per day for three days. Try to give yourself about 90 minutes between icing sessions.
Compression: Wrap your ankle with an elastic bandage. Don’t wrap it so tightly that your ankle becomes numb or that your toes turn blue.
Elevation: As much as you can, keep your ankle raised above heart level on top of pillows or another soft support structure.
If your pain doesn’t improve after 2-5 days of home treatment, call Greater Austin Orthopaedics, and an orthopedic foot and ankle specialist can provide the best care for your ankle pain. To book an appointment, call us or request one online.